The dry type of AMD affects 9 out of 10 people with macular degeneration. It causes more gradual, subtle vision loss from the breakdown of cells in the retina. For example, you may see parts of letters, or straight lines may appear wavy. The dry type of AMD can develop into the wet type.
Other symptoms include:
The wet type of AMD causes sudden, severe loss of central vision from leaking blood vessels growing in or under the retina. You may see a large dark spot in the center of your vision. If you have these blind spots, see an eye doctor right away.
You may be more likely to get AMD if you smoke, have a family history of AMD, or are obese.
Other risk factors include genetics, exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light, and a lack of nutrients reaching the retina.
There is no cure for AMD, but there are options that may slow the progression of wet macular degeneration.
There is no age factor in this.
Generally, 40 is the age considered by many when age related eye trouble starts manifesting.